The State of the River Report is the result of a collaborative effort of a team of academic researchers from Jacksonville University, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL, and Florida Southern College, Lakeland, FL. The report was supported by the Environmental Protection Board of the City of Jacksonville and the River Branch Foundation. The purpose of the project is to review various previously collected data and literature about the river and to place it into a format that is informative and readable to the general public. The report consists of four parts—the website ( the brochure, the full report, and an appendix. The brochure provides a brief summary of the status and trends of each item or indicator (i.e. water quality, fisheries, etc.) that was evaluated for the river. The full report and appendix were produced to provide more to those interested. In the development of these documents, many different sources of data were examined, including data from the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, St. Johns River Water Management District, Fish and Wildlife Commission, City of Jacksonville, individual researchers, and others. The researchers reviewed data addressing many different aspects of the Lower St. Johns River. The most statistically rigorous and stringent research available was used to assemble the report. When a draft of all documents was produced, an extensive review process was undertaken to ensure accuracy, balance, and clarity. We are extremely grateful to the following scientists and interested parties who provided invaluable assistance in improving our document. Reviewing this report does not imply agreement with opinions and conclusions reached by the Report’s authors.

Vince Seibold
Betsy Deuerling City of Jacksonville
John Flowe, City of Jacksonville
Melissa Long, City of Jacksonville
John Hendrickson, St. Johns River  Water Management District (SJRWMD)
John Higman, SJRWMD
Dean Dobberfuhl, SJRWMD
Teresa Monson, SJRWMD
Al Canepa, SJRWMD
Derek Busby, SJRWMD
Russ Brodie, Florida Fish and Wildlife Research
Institute (FWRI)
Tony DiGirolamo, FWRI
Justin Solomon, FWRI
Lee Banks, Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP)
Patrick O’Connor, FDEP
Lisa Rinaman, St. Johns River Riverkeeper
Paul Steinbrecher, JEA
Ed Cordova, JEA
Tiffany Busby, Wildwood Consulting
Marcy Policastro, Wildwood Consulting
Mike McManus, The Nature Conservancy
Richard Bryant, National Park Service
Mark Middlebrook, St. Johns River Alliance
Maria Mark, Timucuan Trail Parks Foundation
Stephan Nix, University of North Florida (UNF)
Kelly Smith, UNF
Dale Casamatta, UNF
Robert Richardson, UNF
Maia McGuire, University of Florida Sea Grant
A. Quinton White, Jacksonville University (JU)
Charles Jacoby, SJRWMD
Ted Lange, FWRI
Douglas Adams, FWRI
Wayne Magley, FDEP
Anita Nash, FDEP
Kevin O’Donnell, FDEP
Julie Espy, FDEP
Daryll Joyner, FDEP
Donald Axelrad, FDEP
Barbara Donner, FDEP
Kendra Goff, Florida Department of Health
Jan Landsberg, FWRI
Robert Storm Burks, SJRWMD
Matthew Waters, Valdosta State University
Christopher Swanson, FWRI
Gary Weise
John Heine, Jacksonville University
Steve Swann, Applied Technology & Management

We have appreciated the opportunity to work with the environmental community to educate the public about the unique problems of the Lower St. Johns River, and the efforts that are under way to restore our river to a healthy ecosystem.

We would also like to thank the following individuals for their contributions toward the development of this report while they were undergraduate students:

Laura Elston, JU
Bobbi Estabrook, JU
Jessica Fernquist, JU
Jessica Goodman, JU
Julia Goodman, JU
Julie Hammon, JU
Leon Huderson, III, JU
Jingu Gene Kang, JU
Ryan Keith, JU
Rebecca Lucas, JU
Nicole Martin, JU
David Roueche, JU Logan Wood, JU
Jenna Manis, JU
Samuel Dixie, JU
Anthony Flock, JU
Sara Debellis, JU
Alexis Crouch, JU
Keenan Carpenter, JU
Krystal Dannenhoffer, JU
Emma Fowler, JU
Andrea Pertoso, UNF
Katie Anagnostou, UNF
Sydney Peyton, JU



Gerry Pinto, Principal Investigator, JU
Radha Pyati, Principal Investigator, UNF
Nisse Goldberg, JU
Peter Bacopoulos, private civil engineer
Anthony Ouellette, JU
Brian Zoellner, UNF
Gretchen Bielmyer-Fraser, JU
An-Phong Le, Florida Southern College

Rose Borkowski, author of Highlight section “Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) Inhabitance of the St. Johns River”

Special thanks to Allison Perna (FWC), Nadia Gordon (FWC), Quincy Gibson (UNF), and Megan Stolen (Hubbs Sea World Research Institute) for their contributions to the Highlight section, and also to Stacey Horstman (NOAA) and Nadia Gordon for their insightful reviews.

Niki Spadaro, Technical Editor

Water Quality, Fisheries, Aquatic Life, & Contaminants